We report the effects of thermal annealing performed in N2 or O2 ambient at 1200°C on the structural and optical properties of Er silicate films having different compositions (Er2SiO5, Er2Si2O7, and their mixture). We demonstrate that the chemical composition of the stoichiometric films is preserved after the thermal treatments. All different crystalline structures formed after the thermal annealing are identified. Thermal treatments in O2 lead to a strong enhancement of the photoluminescence intensity, owing to the efficient reduction of defect density. In particular the highest optical efficiency is associated to Er ions in the α phase of Er2Si2O7.
American Institute of Physics
14 Jul 2008
Volume: 93 Issue: 2 Pages: 021919
Applied Physics Letters