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Experimental studies on the damage produced in (100) Ge substrates by implantation of Ge+ ions at different energies (from 25 to 600 keV), fluences (from 2×1013 to 4×1014 cm−2) and temperature (room temperature, RT, or liquid-nitrogen temperature, LN2T) have been performed by using the Rutherford backscattering spectrometry technique. We demonstrated that the higher damage rate of Ge with respect to Si is due to both the high stopping power of germanium atoms and the low mobility of point defects within the collision cascades. The amorphization of Ge has been modeled by employing the critical damage energy density model in a large range of implantation energies and fluences both at RT and LN2T. The experimental results for implantation at LN2T were fitted using a critical damage energy density of ∼1 eV/atom. A fictitious value of ∼5 eV/atom was obtained for the samples implanted at RT …
Publication date: 
1 May 2011
Biblio References: 
Volume: 103 Issue: 2 Pages: 323-328
Applied Physics A