Arc discharge between two graphite rods in liquid nitrogen has been investigated in order to identify the main factors ruling the formation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and linear C chains. The influence of the experimental parameters on the structural properties of the produced materials was evaluated and interpreted, taking into account the existing models. We found that the electrode size and discharge current values greatly influence the structural quality of the nanotubes (e.g., presence of carbonaceous impurities, innermost tube diameter) and a proper combination of these parameters allows one to control the synthesis of CNTs and/or CNT-linear C chain hybrid systems.
1 Jan 2010
Volume: 107 Issue: 1 Pages: 014304
Journal of Applied Physics