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Experimental studies about electrical activation and clustering of B implanted in crystalline Ge (c-Ge) are reported. To this aim, we structurally and electrically investigated c-Ge samples implanted at different temperatures with B at 35 keV in the high-concentration dopant regime (0.67–25×1020 B/cm3). We elucidated that a high level of damage, in the form of amorphous pockets, favors the electrical activation of the dopant, and a complete activation was achieved for properly chosen implant conditions. We found, by joining channeling measurements with the electrical ones, that the reason for incomplete B activation is the formation of B-Ge complexes with a well-defined stoichiometry of 1:8. The thermal stability of the B-doped samples, up to 550 °C, was also investigated. The tested stability demonstrates that the B clustering, responsible of B inactivity, is characterized by high binding energies and higher thermal …
Publication date: 
15 Mar 2009
Biblio References: 
Volume: 105 Issue: 6 Pages: 063533
Journal of applied Physics