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This work presents an experimental study on the kinetic roughening for nanoscale-thick sputter-deposited Cu films on Si surface. In particular, the Cu films were deposited by using two different deposition rates and their Root-Mean-Square surface roughness was quantified by means of atomic force microscopy measurements. The results of these analyses are discussed on the basis of the dynamic scaling theory and, hence, evaluating the steady growth roughness exponent α and the dynamic growth roughness exponent β. We find a value for α = 0.89 ± 0.07 independent on the Cu deposition rate, while a value of β = 0.23 ± 0.03 at the lower Cu deposition rate (1.7 nm/min) and a value of β = 0.64 ± 0.05 at the higher Cu deposition rate (7.0 nm/min). At the lower deposition rate, the combined values of α = 0.89 ± 0.07 and β = 0.23 ± 0.03 suggest a growth process for the Cu film in thermodynamic equilibrium and …
Publication date: 
1 Sep 2021

S Boscarino, M Censabella, G Piccitto, MG Grimaldi, F Ruffino

Biblio References: 
Volume: 156 Pages: 110167
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids